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SAPPHO FRAGMENTS: εἰς Ἦρα

Level One: Level Two: Level Three: Translation:

Πλάσιον δη μ[

ἐγώ, μοῦ - I; 1, f.

ἐγώ, μοῦ - I; 1, f.

πλάσια, πλάσιον, πλάσιος - near, close, Attic πλήσια; M, adj.

ἐγώ, μοῦ - I; 1, f.

πλάσια, πλάσιον, πλάσιος - near, close, Attic πλήσια; M, adj.

δή - in truth, indeed; part.

(Come) close (to) me indeed

Πότνι᾽ Ἦρα σὰ χ[άρις

ἠ πότνια, πὀτνιας - queen, lady; 1, f. ἠ Ἥρα, Ἥρας - Hera; 1, f. ἠ χάρις, χάριτας - grace; 1, f.

ἠ πότνια, πὀτνιας - queen, lady; 1, f. ἠ Ἥρα, Ἥρας - Hera; 1, f. ἠ χάρις, χάριτας - grace; 1, f.

σή, σόν, σός - 2nd pers. poss. adj.

ἠ πότνια, πὀτνιας - queen, lady; 1, f. ἠ Ἥρα, Ἥρας - Hera; 1, f. ἠ χάρις, χάριτας - grace; 1, f.

σή, σόν, σός - 2nd pers. poss. adj.

Queen Hera, your grace

τὰν ἀράταν Ἀτ[ρέιδαι κλὴ]

αἰ Ἀτρέιδαι, Ἀτρέιδων - sons of Atreus; 1, m.

αἰ Ἀτρέιδαι, Ἀτρέιδων - sons of Atreus; 1, m.

ἀρητή, ἀρήτον, ἀρήτος - prayed for, desirable; M, adj. κλέα, κλέον, κλέος - famous; M, adj.

αἰ Ἀτρέιδαι, Ἀτρέιδων - sons of Atreus; 1, m.

ἀρητή, ἀρήτον, ἀρήτος - prayed for, desirable; M, adj. κλέα, κλέον, κλέος - famous; M, adj.

the prayed for (blessing of) the (two) Atreides,

τοι βασίληες·

ὀ βασίλευς, βασίλεως - king; 3, m.

ὀ βασίλευς, βασίλεως - king; 3, m.

ὀ βασίλευς, βασίλεως - king; 3, m.

famous kings;

5.

ἐκτελέσσαντες μ[εγάλα

ἐκτελέω - to bring to completion, finish; v.

ἐκτελέω - to bring to completion, finish; v.

μεγάλη, μέγα, μέγας - big, great; M, adj.

ἐκτελέω - to bring to completion, finish; v.

μεγάλη, μέγα, μέγας - big, great; M, adj.

(They) completed great

πρῶτα μὲν περι . [

πρῶτη, πρῶτον, πρῶτος - first; M, adj.

πρῶτη, πρῶτον, πρῶτος - first; M, adj.

μέν - indeed; part. περί - around; prep.

firsts, then concerning...

τυίδ᾽ ἀπορμάθεν[τες

ἀπορμάω - to start out, Attic ἀφορμάω; v.

ἀπορμάω - to start out, Attic ἀφορμάω; v.

ἀπορμάω - to start out, Attic ἀφορμάω; v.

τυίδε - hither; adv.

starting out for here

οὐκ ἐδύναντο

δὐναμαι - to be able; t.v.

δὐναμαι - to be able; t.v.

δὐναμαι - to be able; t.v.

οὐκ - not; conj.

they could not

πρὶν σὲ καὶ Δί᾽ ἀντ[ι

ὁ Ζεῦς, Δίος - Zeus; 2, m. συ, σοῦ - you; M, n.

ὁ Ζεῦς, Δίος - Zeus; 2, m. συ, σοῦ - you; M, n.

ὁ Ζεῦς, Δίος - Zeus; 2, m. συ, σοῦ - you; M, n.

πρίν - before; adv. καί - and, also; conj. ἀντί - against, opposing, in front of; prep.

before both you and Zeus against

10.

καὶ θυώνας ἰμε[

ἠ θυώνα, θυώνας- sacrificial portion, title of Semele; 1, f.

ἡ/ὁ στρουθός, στρουθοῦ - sparrow; 1/2, c. ἡ γᾶ, γᾶς - earth; 1, f.

ὠκύς, ὠκεῖα, ὠκέα - swift, fleet; M, adj. μέλαινα, μέλαν, μέλας - dark; M, adj.

ἡ/ὁ στρουθός, στρουθοῦ - sparrow; 1/2, c. ἡ γᾶ, γᾶς - earth; 1, f.

ὠκύς, ὠκεῖα, ὠκέα - swift, fleet; M, adj. μέλαινα, μέλαν, μέλας - dark; M, adj.

καί - and, also; conj.

Semele's child...

νῦν δὲ κ[

δέ - and; conj. νῦν - now; adv.

and now...

κὰτ τὸ παλ[

παλαία, παλαίον, παλαίος - old, of old; M, adj.

κατά - down, according to; prep.

παλαία, παλαίον, παλαίος - old, of old; M, adj.

κατά, κάτ - down, according to; prep.

according to the old...

ἄγνα καὶ κα[λα

ἀγνή, ἀγνόν, ἀγνός - holy, pure; M, adj. κάλα, κάλον, κάλος - beautiful; M, adj.

ἐξικνέομαι - to reach, arrive at; t.v.

ἀγνή, ἀγνόν, ἀγνός - holy, pure; M, adj. κάλα, κάλον, κάλος - beautiful; M, adj.

καί - and, also; conj.

(a) holy and beautiful

π]αρθ[εν(ον)

ἠ παρθένος - maiden, virgin; 2, f.

ἠ παρθένος - maiden, virgin; 2, f.

ἠ παρθένος - maiden, virgin; 2, f.

maiden...

15.

ἀ]μφι . [

ἀμφί - around, on both sides; prep.

on both sides...

[Line missing.]

[Line missing.]

[Line missing.]

[Line missing.]

. [ . ] . νιλ[

...

ἔμμενα[ι

εἰμι - to be; i.v.

εἰμι - to be; i.v.

εἰμι - to be; i.v.

to be...

20.

[ ]ρ᾽ ἀπίκε[σθαι

ἀπικνέομαι - to arrive at, reach; i.v.

ἀπικνέομαι - to arrive at, reach; i.v.

ἀπικνέομαι - to arrive at, reach; i.v.

to have arrived...

Footnotes

  1. Proposed reconstruction, following Anne Carson.
  2. Proposed reconstruction.
  3. Proposed reconstruction.
Copyright © C. Osborne 2021
Last Modified: Tuesday, January 10, 2017 22:36:33